Settembre 2013

Pubblicato on line sul Journal of Biological Chemistry un nostro studio in cui si individuano le forze che in vivo, fisiologicamente, determinano la conversione delle proteine in fibre amiloidi

articolo postato il: 2013-09-12 11:37:46

Structure, folding dynamics and amyloidogenesis of Asp76Asn β2-microglobulin: roles of shear flow, hydrophobic surfaces and α crystallin.

Mangione PP, Esposito G, Relini A, Raimondi S, Porcari R, Giorgetti S, Corazza A, Fogolari F, Penco A, Goto Y, Lee YH, Yagi H, Cecconi C, Naqvi MM, Gillmore JD, Hawkins PN, Chiti F, Rolandi R, Taylor GW, Pepys MB, Stoppini M, Bellotti V.

J Biol Chem. 2013 Sep 6. Free Article

Systemic amyloidosis is a fatal disease caused by misfolding of native globular proteins which then aggregate extracellularly as insoluble fibrils, damaging the structure and function of affected organs. The formation of amyloid fibrils in vivo is poorly understood. We recently identified the first naturally occurring structural variant, Asp76Asn, of human β2 microglobulin (β2m), the ubiquitous light chain of class I major histocompatibility antigens, as the amyloid fibril protein in a family with a new phenotype of late onset fatal hereditary systemic amyloidosis. Here we show that, uniquely, Asp76Asn β2m readily forms amyloid fibrils in vitro under physiological extracellular conditions. The globular native fold transition to the fibrillar state is primed by exposure to a hydrophobic hydrophilic interface under physiological intensity shear flow. Wild type β2m is recruited by the variant into amyloid fibrils in vitro but is absent from amyloid deposited in vivo. This may be because, as we show here, such recruitment is inhibited by chaperone activity. Our results suggest general mechanistic principles of in vivo amyloid fibrillogenesis by globular proteins, a previously obscure process. Elucidation of this crucial causative event in clinical amyloidosis should also help to explain the hitherto mysterious timing and location of amyloid deposition.