19 agosto 2015
articolo postato il: 2015-08-19 23:55:15
Un importante lavoro sul ruolo delle shear forces nella fisiopatologia delle amiloidosi: emerge un classico caso di incertezza parafrasato dalla nota domanda aporetica:
" Viene prima l`uovo o la gallina".
Herling TW, Garcia GA, Michaels TC, Grentz W, Dean J, Shimanovich U, Gang H, Müller T, Kav B, Terentjev EM, Dobson CM, Knowles TP.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Aug 4;112(31):9524-9.
The generation of mechanical forces are central to a wide range of vital biological processes, including the function of the cytoskeleton. Although the forces emerging from the polymerization of native proteins have been studied in detail, the potential for force generation by aberrant protein polymerization has not yet been explored. Here, we show that the growth of amyloid fibrils, archetypical aberrant protein polymers, is capable of unleashing mechanical forces on the piconewton scale for individual filaments. We apply microfluidic techniques to measure the forces released by amyloid growth for two systems: insulin and lysozyme. The level of force measured for amyloid growth in both systems is comparable to that observed for actin and tubulin, systems that have evolved to generate force during their native functions and, unlike amyloid growth, rely on the input of external energy in the form of nucleotide hydrolysis for maximum force generation. Furthermore, we find that the power density released from growing amyloid fibrils is comparable to that of high-performance synthetic polymer actuators. These findings highlight the potential of amyloid structures as active materials and shed light on the criteria for regulation and reversibility that guide molecular evolution of functional polymers.